A shawl is a simple item of clothing, loosely worn over the shoulders, upper body and arms, sometimes also over the head. It is usually a rectangular or square piece of cloth, often folded to make a triangle, but can also be triangular in shape at the beginning. Other shapes include oblong shawls.
Shawls are used in order to keep warm, to complement a costume, and for symbolic reasons. Today, shawls are worn for added warmth (and fashion) at outdoor or indoor evening affairs where the temperature is warm enough for men in wool suits but for women are dresses and where a jacket might be inappropriate.
A mantilla is a light weight lace or silk scarf worn over the head and shoulders, after over a high comb, by women.
The raw material required for the manufacture of shawl, veil and mantilla is commonly used cotton yarn.
Knitting is done on a flat knitting machine. The needles are mounted in a flat plate or needle bed or in 2 beds at right angles to each other & each at 450 angles to the horizontal. The knitted fabric passes downward through the space between the upper edges of the plate, called the throat. In the knitting process, the needles are pushed up and down by cams attached to a carriage with a yarn guide, which moves over the length of the machine. The width of the fabric can be altered by increasing or decreasing the no of active needles, allowing production of shaped fabrics. Although flatbed machines are suited for hand operation, they are power driven in commercial use & by selection of color, type of stitch. Cam design & Jacquard device, almost unlimited variety is possible.
The shawl, mantila and veil fabrics are cut as per size design. The pieces of required lengths are then pressed and packed. The technological process has no any adverse environmental impact.